Here are some links that I put together that talk about the relationship between color, vision and language.
To begin with, an excellent RadioLab piece about the color blue and why it’s relatively modern in our color pallette:
Here is an excellent book on the same topic: “Through the Language Glass: Why the world looks different in Other languages”
From the BBC – Color is in the eye of the beholder:
A link to Colour Categories as Cultural Constructs, by Jules Davidoff